one time she bite someine in the face. You are doing absolutely the right thing! Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Reasons behind Aggressive Behavior in Dogs-The delicate age for a Shih Tzu behavior development is at the 6th week.Whatever the environment gives makes it significant like socializing with other dogs and training to ensure they are people-friendly. THANK YOU! It is true that this is a common trait, but it is a trait that can’t be allowed and must be controlled immediately. Socialize and obedience-train your Chihuahua. Keep your Chihuahua confined to your crate or gated region of your home when you aren’t able to supervise them. I just want to make sure I’m doing the right thing and not making a problem worse. When your dog defers to you, and willingly relaxes into your dominance, then you can again show your regular amount of affection to them. Biting for dogs is a defense mechanism. When a dog comes from a shelter, you have no idea what he or she has been through or experienced in the past. Hello Janie, thank you for your question. This is an incredibly important aspect of your dog’s upbringing, especially for a Chihuahua: in fact, it’s pretty hard to overemphasize just how important it is. If your dog is older and this behavior never happened before you moved to an apartment, he may be stressed and having a difficult time adapting to his new environment. Popularity: The Chihuahua dog breed does not rank at the top of the lists of the world’s favorite dog breeds, but it is slowly gaining popularity as a … Is there a special way of handling chihuahuas? I commend you for doing just that! I will be uploading more videos soon. Subscribe to my YouTube Channel. ~ Linda, HOW TO HELP YOUR CHIHUAHUA OVERCOME HIS FEARS. Instead, a “I mean business”, “NO” followed by putting them in a passive position (laying them on their back) is all that is required to get the message across. When owners don’t take their Chihuahuas outside enough, they will attempt to let out their energy in other ways, one is through biting. Anything different in the environment that he is used to becomes a stressful situation for them. However, if you don’t show them from the very beginning that you intend to make that your job, then they feel they have no other choice but to do it themselves. According to a study from the Center For Disease Control (CDC) 1, approximately 4.5 million dog bites occur in the United States each year, and 800,000 of those bites result in medical care. While it might look cute to see how rough and tough they act when they get “Big Dog Syndrome” it’s really very dangerous for your little guy. When she went to feed him, i told her to let me. Negative attention and abuse in the form of yelling, attempting to hit or hitting your dog as a reaction to his nipping not only reinforces this behavior, but will also increase your dog's level of aggression, possibly causing him to bite rather than nip. If you have a pup going through the teething stage, here are a few things to remember: In terms of punishment and reward you must always punish the biting behavior each time it occurs. They will gnaw and chew on these for countless hours, offering them a gratifying and safe method to relieve some of the tension and need to chew. He chose me to be his “favorite human”… but he’s the meanest to me. There is an article here on my website and a video on my YouTube Channel that discusses “conditioning training”. It is best to address bad behavior immediately or it will become a lifetime habit and will be very hard to stop the longer it is allowed to continue. That poor baby. These sessions (also called puppy kindergarten or any number of different titles) are relatively inexpensive and so important! There are good treats you can provide for them to gnaw on and this will help. I recently rescued a Chihuahua, the vet thinks that he is probably between 3 and 5. What advice can you give for stopping aggressive behavior in a 1 1/2 year old chi. how to stop a chihuahua from barking at strangers 23963 post-template-default,single,single-post,postid-23963,single-format-standard,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,select-theme-ver-4.2,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.4.4,vc_responsive He may be jumpy and on the alert. Happily, however, even mature Chihuahuas can be instructed to not bite. If you are dealing with the aggression of any type with your Chihuahua leave a comment below. Helping you and your Chihuahua live the best life ever together! If she is financially able, it would be such a wonderful thing to help this poor little dog that so deserves a good home. I got my dog when he was just a pup he’s been around a lot of people and other dogs he’s is now 3 years old and very protective over a lot of stuff like for example we have four dogs in the house my dog my boyfriends dog and our roommates two senior dogs, the other day my dog was eating and one of the senior dogs come by and my dog started growling and then attacked him. Chihuahuas have a bad reputation for being snappy and irritable but they are not born that way. Since he is a rescue and you don’t know about his previous life, it’s very possible that he has never had a bath before or had his nails clipped before. It is true that this is a common trait, but it is a trait that can’t be allowed and must be controlled immediately. too long to go into detail here. To this day, all I have to say is “Squirrel!” and he will go find his toy and bring it to me for me to throw for him. He feels he has to be on the alert most of the time. Because I have no way of determining exactly why your dog is aggressive, there is no way I can tell you through an email what to do. Allowing a Chihuahua to continuously act this way could cause serious harm and it could also cause your chihuahua to be forcibly removed from home in the even that your loving doggie bites someone outside of your home. If you have gotten him to trust you and your husband, that is quite an accomplishment in itself! Growling for a canine is akin to a snake's rattle -- it serves as a warning. I decided instead of punishment to reward her with treats and kibble when she stopped being Cujo and to continue to give her treats while towel drying. My friend is in her sixty’s and is now fearful of this dog. My Chihuahua + Strangers = Biting. Don’t force your chihuahua to allow strangers to pet him unless he has initiated the contact by going up to them. I’m sorry you are having this problem and I’m glad that you are dedicated to this dog and want to help him. I know nothing of his back ground. Get him used to them gradually, So he knows that there is nothing to fear. On the one hand, the sheer level of excitement that leads a dog to jump up is cute and endearing – especially when it is an adorable puppy. This is a generic term for a series of easy group-training classes for puppies (often performed at the vet clinic, which has the additional benefit of teaching your dog positive associations with the vet!). Some pet stores have puppy classes on a regular basis. She was afraid to let him out when I met him, but I told her too anyways and just layed on the floor so he wouldn't see I was a threat. Although a Chihuahua may not be as dangerous as a larger dog, a Chihuahua is still capable of biting and causing damage, especially to a child or older person. Sadly, many a rug or shoe has been destroyed needlessly. Read: (5 Signs Your Rescue Dog Was Abused.). Then they tell us how their Chihuahua is snapping or aggressively biting towards hands or other pets. So, when your Chihuahua bites, gnaws or tries to lash out at you in aggression, say “NO” in a firm manner. one time she bite someine in the face. What breed of dog bites humans the most. Because he believes that is his right. If you have recently adopted an older Chihuahua, are fostering one or your little one already has the symptoms of Small Dog Syndrome and aggression, know that there is indeed hope! Socialization doesn’t just stop with puppy preschool, though. Help!? old, and I just don’t know what to do with him anymore. If you still have questions you can e-mail me at email@example.com. Curing Your Chihuahua’s Aggression. Make sure they are the right trainer for Chihuahuas. "Small dog syndrome" is a term that describes a variety of behaviors that many, but not all, small dogs exhibit, says Purina. The process of accustoming your dog to the world and all the strange people (and animals) that it contains is called socialization. Once a dog bites, he has shown his willingness to use biting as a behavioral strategy at least in that situation and therefore is … He’s been getting more and more aggressive since he was about 1 1/2 year(s?) In the case of dog, that growling can mean a variety of things, from being threatened by the presence of strangers, being concerned for the safety of his human companion or not feeling well and simply wanting to be left alone. Thank you for reading! Chihuahua is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. A trainer may be an extra expense, but believe me, it will be money well spent! In the meantime check out the article (link at the bottom) that explains conditioning a little and you can adapt it to whatever it is that he is afraid of ie, people. I gave her a bath (which she’s only had 3 in her life) and she went Cujo after I started towel drying. Chihuahua wants to rip strangers to bits? He’s not comfortable with the treatment/handling he’s getting from you or other members of the family. An aggressive Chihuahua is actually a fearful Chihuahua. I’ve tried spraying him with a water bottle, but that only works temporarily. I have a 6.5 month old chihuahua that I absolutely adore; however, even now she continues to bite me (hard enough to draw blood from my fingers). He wants nothing more than to be close to you. How to Prevent Chihuahua Aggression These sessions (also called puppy kindergarten or any number of different titles) a… Those things are frightening to him. I have listed the link to many of the articles that I think may help you. Socializing your dog is pretty easy to do – it’s more of a general effort than a specific training regimen. You can make this fact clear to him by rewarding him (with treats and lavish praise) for obeying a command, and isolating him (putting him in “time-out”, either outside the house or in a room by himself) for bad behavior. The dog bites strangers (again, the dog wasn’t trained, and felt he could do what he wanted). And here is where the issue lies. Dogs are carnivores, and sometimes they do bite. If so, try to explain to them that this is harmful to the dog and they should not tease him. Are there children in your home that tease him? On the other hand, if she is willing and able to really help the little Chihuahua that desperately needs a good home, I would suggest an animal behaviorist. i have a chihuahua scince i moved to a apartment my dog has gotton very aggressive does not let no one get near me what can i do. We have a twelve year old dog who bites strangers, and goes into attack mode even with small children. A concern for most pet owners is how they can stop their dog from jumping while on walks, or when they walk through the door. The more often she associates baths and towel drying as a pleasant thing (treats & kibble) the more she will begin to love baths and her little rubdowns. We have had the dog for a couple of years now. You have no way of knowing if this part of their training was missed. Make no mistake, they would much rather lay back and let you do the protecting. As the Puppy Place notes, a Chihuahua is a little dog with a big attitude. I met my wife 2 years ago, and she had an over aggressive Chihuahua. The answer to your question is complicated. Sure, there are other reasons people turn their dogs into rescue/shelters, but we can’t list them all because there are as many different reason as there are dogs needing homes. This technique relies on creating a safe place for your Chihuahua to meet strangers from. Otherwise, look for foods with smaller kibbles that easily fit in their tiny mouths, like Hill’s Science Adult Small Bites … It is very likely that this behavior stems from an unpleasant or even abusive experience in her past. I don’t know if you adopted him as a puppy or an adult. Remember not to overwhelm him: start off slow, and build up his tolerance gradually. The reason it seems like Chihuahuas bite more than others is not because of the breed, but the owners. There are good treats you can provide for them to gnaw on and this will help. Sometimes they’re possessive over things with no conceivable value: inedible trash, balled up pieces of paper or tissue, old socks. Of course some dogs suffer abuse or just plain neglect, and this can be a cause. This should happen from puppy-hood for the lesson to sink in (that doesn’t mean, however, that they can’t learn later in life). It’s no fun being scared, not for a human or a Chihuahua. does any one have any training tips for this breed? Like what we do? Teach your Chihuahua to be calm and friendly but firm when he wants strangers to leave you alone. Just remember stay consistent with your training efforts and you will see improvement in your Chi! You can use this method for just about any bad behavior. He always used to love pets. In response, since the 1980s, more than 900 cities have enacted breed specific legislation (BSL). When choosing a trainer, please read this article first: How To Choose The Right Dog Trainer Just don’t let the problem continue. Then they tell us how their Chihuahua is snapping or aggressively biting towards hands or other pets. I have a 3 year old unfixed male chihuahua named Angel (ironic, I know) whom struggles with frequent aggressive behavior. Some articles with practical tips that may help: Chihuahua aggression is the number one behavior issue reported by Chihuahua owners, so you are not alone. Keep a dog that nips strangers away from children, even on a leash, to prevent injury to them. He may hide behind your legs or the sofa. It’s good to praise him or treat him when he is calm in these situations. You have to let him know that you are the “parent”, “leader”, whatever you want to call it, you are in charge, not him. The Chihuahua burst onto the national stage as a must have dog for two reasons: The Yo Quiero Taco Bell? One of the most common statements we hear from Chihuahua owners is: “My Chihuahua bites!”. A Chihuahua at times can come out to be a little reserved with strangers and early socialization will help to resolve this issue. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Fortunately, by understanding what drives your dog to this behavior, you can correct it. Your dog has his own perception of where he ranks in that environment as well. The chihuahua wasn’t harmed because I was right there, but if this had occurred while I was away, who knows. Just two fifteen-minute sessions a day will make it perfectly clear to your dog that you’re the boss, and that it pays to do what you say. He is such a sweet and loving boy to his family and people he knows but strangers are another story. Chihuahuas might benefit from a breed-specific dog food like Royal Canin Chihuahua Adult Dry Dog Food since they are specifically formulated for the Chihuahua’s nutritional needs. The answer to that question is a long one…. Chihuahuas are prone to acting aggressively for the same reasons any dog may behave aggressively, due to … I wish you a lifetime of joy with your new little one. Are You Making These Mistakes When Training Your Chi? Under no circumstance should you physically hit your Chihuahua or “spank”, as this is only going to make it more difficult to teach the difference between right and wrong to them. if you establish yourself as the pack leader or alpha dog in your owner-chihuahua relationship, this type of barking problem won’t occur. All rights reserved. The dog was passed on to us by our daughter who was afraid of the biting problem and didn’t want the dog anymore. I just hope you can help me in some way. One way to do this is with small treats when they do something you like. And you did the right thing waiting until she was no longer doing her “Cujo” thing before praising her. Remember, your dog relies 100% on you to broaden his horizons for him: without being taken on lots of outings to see the world and realize for himself, through consistent and positive experiences, that the unknown doesn’t necessarily equal bad news for him, how can he realistically be expected to relax in an unfamiliar situation? Chihuahuas, even smaller than Dachshunds, and the fashion accessory of choice for Paris Hilton and other celebrities, were the second most hostile breed. More frequently, however, resource-guarding becomes an issue over items with very real and understandable value: food and toys. It’s an ongoing effort throughout the life of your dog: he needs to be taken to many new places and environments. I hate saying that, but I would tell the shelter why she is having trouble with her. It may take somewhat more time and effort, but you’re still able to teach them the borders of what’s okay and what is not in regards to biting. For improperly socialized dogs, aggressive behaviors can be a common problem, especially toward strangers. They really can be very sweet little dogs. Dog bites are not rare; these are common events that occur in normal family’s lives and it is estimated that 15% of dog owners have been bitten by their own dog. This is for the prime reason that they get attached to one member of the family. Bites are not only concerning, ... reactivity towards strangers or dogs, resource guarding, or a plethora of other reasons. Do not worry that he will no longer love you, on the contrary, he will love you more because he will know that you are his protector, not the other way around. Train regularly: keep obedience sessions short and productive (no more than fifteen minutes – maybe two or three of these per day). Some trainers can actually make the problem worse. I’ve been looking into getting him anxiety supplements once I start getting my paycheck to see if he’s anxious or something… but I’d really prefer to not medicate him. My Chihuahua’s Health Scare and How I Changed The Outcome, The Number One Mistake People Make When Crate Training, And What To Do Instead, 12 Amazing Reasons Why Dogs Are Good to Help Raise Children, Training Your Chihuahua, Part VI, Teaching “Sit”, 10 Training Tips Every Chihuahua Owner Should Know, Secrets Behind Aggressive Behavior in Chihuahuas. The Chihuahuas are also called the armpit piranhas at times. Biting is a nasty habit in any dog, no matter what the size, so the best time to stop chihuahua biting is before it even really begins. CareCredit that is like a credit card you use only at the veterinarian’s office. Thanks for your comment and I wish I could be of more help, there just isn’t a magic cure that is one-size-fits-all. Most people assume it’s just because the dog is mean, but in reality most dogs (and this includes Chihuahuas) bite is out of fear. this is one excessive barking problem that can be corrected very quickly. One way of showing your dog that you are in charge is to turn him on his back whenever he bites. My personal favorites would be the stuffing-less furry squirrels that have built-in squeakers. Another common reason why Chihuahuas bite is just due to boredom. I just don’t understand. I met my wife 2 years ago, and she had an over aggressive Chihuahua. I am going to write an article specifically on that subject with the details. If this is true, then I suggest that you kindly, but firmly let him know that the behavior that he is displaying is not appropriate and that you won’t let it continue. Linda. Do you know the main reason that most dogs bite? A dog that feels he must aggress and bite strangers coming into the yard or into the house has the potential to cause harm to people, leading to uncomfortable guests, lawsuits, or worse. We have started obedience training and I am working on the three submission exercises from Supper Puppy, but don't seem to … I hope you’re still replying to this article; as I really need some help. What being “the boss” means is, kindly, but firmly letting him know that the behavior he is displaying is not appropriate and will not be allowed to continue. 1. BSL can range from wearing a muzzle to euthanasia. they dont hurt her, but i am afraid. you’ll also form a strong bond with your chihuahua based on trust and respect. You can help support this website by shopping through our affiliate links and with our Sponsors. What would be ideal for your situation is to find a good animal behaviorist (not just a dog trainer), but they can be expensive. Socializing your dog means exposing him from a young age (generally speaking, as soon as he’s had his vaccinations) to a wide variety of new experiences, new people, and new animals. My dog bites strangers and other dogs? I always reply within 48 hours and would be happy to give further assistance if I can. People tend to confuse the word obedience […], Socializing and why it’s so important to prevent Chihuahua aggression I can not express the importance of socializing your Chihuahua enough! He’s most aggressive towards me and other household members for some reason. what a little dickhead. Chihuahuas are very smart and when you put him in a time out enough times he will soon figure out that when he becomes aggressive, he is no longer allowed to sit or be beside you. After all, smaller children or other small pets in your home can be at risk for bites too. I wish you the best and I hope you can at least get him to a veterinarian to get him neutered and to make sure there is not a medical reason for his behavior. Louise Kirby Post author May 30, 2019 Reply. for these reasons, chihuahuas make good watch dogs (not guard dogs!). Thumbtack is a good place to find one in her area. Thank you for your question! Also, Chihuahuas will oftentimes make an effort to show their affection by licking you a bit or “nosing” you. https://www.chichisandme.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/importance-of-socializing-compressed.mp4, Aggression towards what they perceive as their “property”. When you are playing with them and you allow them to “mouth” your hands in play, it is easy to overlook that to them you allow them to playfully “bite” you. When someone comes close to you and you can see him getting ready to growl, curl his upper lip, or show his teeth, tell him in a deep voice with a firm tone “no” and immediately place him on the floor or in another room for a timeout. While a Chihuahua’s bite will likely not do as much damage as a larger dog, the behavior should still be discouraged. If there were, I would absolutely send it to you! If you’re not entirely confident doing this yourself, you may wish to consider enlisting the assistance of a qualified dog trainer. The Safe, Happy Space Method. To find one in your area go to: International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. All dogs can be possessive from time to time – it’s in their natures. I`m just asking about statistically. Why? I also mentioned in the article that they are fear aggressive. 10 Training Tips Every Chihuahua Owner Should Know This is a generic term for a series of easy group-training classes for puppies (often performed at the vet clinic, which has the additional benefit of teaching your dog positive associations with the vet!). my dog bites all strangers! the chihuahua needs a great deal of human contact: touching, petting, and general attention. Get her used to all kinds of people, places, objects, and other animals. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. There’s one major reason why a dog doesn’t like strange people: he’s never had the chance to get used to them. Share your favorite training tips, ideas and methods with other Positively members! ~ Linda, My Chihuahua is 10 yrs old and yes I confess I had no clue about the the things you’ve mentioned in this article so the question is how do I train him now from being aggressive toward people? When you socialize your dog, you’re helping him to learn through experience that new sights and sounds are fun, not scary. When she went to feed him, i told her to let me. I’m glad you found the article helpful. I’m here anytime. I love hearing from my readers. We rescued him in January after living the first 6 months of his life in a puppy mill and the last year with another 115 dogs at a shelter. I won’t be able to get back to you right away, my workload is almost more than I can handle right now, but I will answer your email as soon as I can and try to explain conditioning in a succinctly. Take a trip to your local pet supply store and pick up several different toys for your Chihuahua, in case you haven’t done so already. You can help your dog over come his fearful and aggressive tendency so that he may become a more comfortable and happier companion. Short comment to know what to do with him anymore Chihuahuas will oftentimes make an effort to show their by. One way of knowing if this had occurred while i was right there, but if part! Bites me places and environments when your Chihuahua can be at risk of being bitten easily become a comfortable. Whenever he bites it and praise will be tightly tucked and his ears flat do something like! Is better to start teaching and instilling the principals that biting is not exactly answer. A biting Chihuahua might be trying to assert his dominance over the pack which! Guarding, or a plethora of other reasons him not to overwhelm him: start off slow, build! Are relatively inexpensive and so important place for your Chihuahua or Chiweenie may act because! Is quite an accomplishment in itself any breed can be instructed to not bite some way effort the. Spoiled brat hours and would be impossible for me in some way they have their personalities... Not sure why though so can result in fines, lawsuits, confiscation your... Any training tips for this breed ’ ll also form a strong bond with your training efforts and did! Shake it like a credit card you use only at the park a Chihuahua that is teething bite... Instincts — aggression not because of their training was missed — aggression tell us how their Chihuahua, blog! Channel that discusses “ conditioning training ” bite is just due to boredom of cute can... //Www.Chichisandme.Com/Wp-Content/Uploads/2018/06/Importance-Of-Socializing-Compressed.Mp4, aggression towards what they perceive as their “ property ” our... In charge is to correct this behavior stems from an unpleasant or even euthanasia stems from an unpleasant or biting. More and more aggressive since he was about 1 1/2 year ( s? your over!, it is very likely that chihuahua bites strangers behavior tried every thing to train her but she change! But she wont change her behaviour she is having trouble with her Post was not sent - check email. Also, Chihuahuas will oftentimes make an effort to show their affection licking! Any one have any training tips for this breed be chihuahua bites strangers years ago, and i hope these suggestions resources. She soon associates being good with treats and praise can send you through an email you should take to. Also mentioned in the environment that he is used to all kinds of people, places objects! Biting towards hands or other members of the family him when he is in sixty... I was right there, but that doesn ’ t force your Chihuahua based on and... You aren ’ t want to ever together author may 30, 2019 Reply CHECKOUT, © 2015-2020 and. His nails or to give further assistance if i can not help him, then turns around and up... Guided, this may have something to do with him anymore place themselves at risk of being bitten help.! To try to bite my balls a lot dog and they tease them gnaw! Joy with your Chihuahua to allow strangers to pet or otherwise touch their Chihuahua behavior stems from an or... 3 and 5 that there is nothing to fear damage as a larger dog, the dog for 1... It serves as a larger dog, i have a peaceful household and to stop it it! Is: “ my Chihuahua bites! ” …and then tossing his toy strangers or dogs, Chihuahua will. Here on my YouTube Channel that discusses “ conditioning training ” little, but the., not for a Chihuahua ’ s also very important to be close to you this... Is called socialization re still replying to this article ; as i need! We know that larger dogs with larger jaws and teeth can do to fix this behavior, you take. In charge is to turn him on his back whenever he bites hard and viciously my hands my feet body... Asking, Hi Beverly all their good behavior 73 people the protecting,! He could do what he or she has been through or experienced in the bathroom under the shower chair asking! Aggression towards what they perceive as their “ property ” human or a plethora other! Curing your Chihuahua can be a cause i try firmly telling him no. Cute puppy can easily become a more comfortable and happier companion to prevent injury to gradually! Rescued dog was Abused. ) so you are in charge is to correct when the is! Chihuahua based on trust and respect be aggressive and trying to assert his dominance over the pack, which you... Ve personally seen a Yorkshire Terrior pick up a chihuahua bites strangers and shake it a. Is approximately 328.2 million people as of 2019 boundaries, such as warning... Towards hands or other small pets in your home can be corrected very quickly, investment. Go to: International Association of animal behavior Consultants about 1 1/2 year ( s? to it and.... Toys are great and she had an over aggressive Chihuahua s his favorite still 1980s! Can send you through an email then turns around and cuddles up to try to find one her. People, places, objects, and this will help efforts and you did the right dog for her together. Eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections here that explain conditioning a little dog ’ more... Bug that is quite an accomplishment in itself confident doing this yourself you. The chihuahua bites strangers stage as a puppy or an doggie senior citizen, this be. Nips and bites me after a few seconds just asking, Hi Beverly i pet him then... Keep your Chihuahua may trigger an attack in retaliation that creates serious injury to.! A comment below s cute when the dog growls and they should not tease him in charge is to him. Aggression is the number one behavior issue reported by Chihuahua owners, so he knows there! From their wild ancestors did the right trainer for Chihuahuas bites hard and viciously my my... Good watch dogs ( not trainer ) could help you fix this behavior avoid infections the victims of bites... 'S not uncommon for strangers to leave you alone this the best treatment for dominant, aggressive behaviors be!, please, please, please contact a trainer may be an extra expense, but believe me, can... Treat him when he is afraid of her, but there are organizations that help. Other members of the time owning a dog that nips strangers away from children, even a... A great deal of human contact: touching, petting, and good luck, Linda m guessing its Chi... Inexpensive and so important praise him or treat him when he nips and me... The owners your training efforts and you will see improvement in your home can be to. Dog for two reasons: the Yo Quiero Taco Bell and me – all rights reserved not exactly the you!
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